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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 41  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 121-127

DNA methyltransferase 3B gene promotor and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist polymorphisms in Egyptian children with immune thrombocytopenic purpura

1 Pediatrics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt
2 Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt
3 Pediatrics Department, Ministry of Health Hospitals, Beni-Suef, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Amira Ahmed Hammam
4 El Sad Elaali St., Dokki, Giza, 11562
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-1067.196179

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Background and objectives Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune condition characterized by increased platelet destruction. Although the etiology of ITP remains unclear, it is accepted that both environmental and genetic factors play an important role in the development of the disease. Many gene polymorphisms have been reported to be closely associated with the susceptibility to ITP. Aim of the work The current study aimed to investigate the association between the DNA methyltransferase DNMT3B-46359 C/T promoter and IL-1Ra polymorphism and the risk for acquisition of pediatric ITP in a cohort of Egyptian children. Patients and methods Genotyping of the studied genes using PCR-RFLP assays was conducted on 40 children with ITP and 20 age-matched and sex-matched normal controls. Results Our results revealed that DNMT3B-46359 C/T heterotype was higher in patients than in controls but did not reach statistical significance and conferred 2.2-fold increased risk for ITP (odds ratio=2.2, confidence interval = 1.4–2.6). There was no statistically significant difference between ITP patients and controls as regards allele frequency. Moreover, there was no statistically significant difference in the clinical and laboratory data between ITP patients with wild or mutant genotypes. Moreover, there was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of DNMT3B-46359 . C/T genotypes between acute and chronic ITP patients. Conclusion This genetic polymorphism cannot be considered as a molecular marker for ITP risk among Egyptian children. Moreover, it is not a molecular predictor for chronicity.

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