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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 42  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 129-133

Hematological changes among children with dengue fever in Saudi Arabia

Paediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Marwa H Abdel Hamed
Paediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, 11566
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejh.ejh_38_17

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Background Dengue fever is Vector born viral infections endanger billions of people. About 50 million cases of dengue infection every year all-over the whole world has been estimated by World Health Organization (WHO). DF occurs primarily in tropical areas around the world affecting both children and adults. It is endemic in certain cities of Saudi Arabia, such as Jeddah and Makkah. Dengue fever has nonspecific symptoms and signs, so laboratory confirmation of dengue infection is mandatory. Objectives To assess hematological changes of patients with dengue fever in pediatric age group among Saudi children. Design Descriptive retrospective study. Patients and Methods All data were collected from the medical records of 90 children aged from 2 to 15 years who had diagnosed to have dengue fever in Jeddani Group Hospital. The presenting clinical features were collected and analyzed. The laboratory results analyzed were blood count including Hemoglobin level, hematocrit level, lecucocytic count and platelet count. Results All 90 patients included in the study had both fever and myalgia, 2.2% of children had bleeding (epistaxis, bleeding gum). Mean±SD of Hemoglobin level was 10.82 ± 1.2 g/dl. Thrombocytopenia (platelets <150000/UL) was found in 74.45% of cases, leucopenia (<4000/UL) was detected in 66% of cases. Conclusion Dengue fever is mosquito transmitted viral infection, it needs accurate physical examination and proper follows up of hematological changes, this will lead to decrease morbidity and mortality among children.

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